Ethics of COVID-19 deconfinement
The progressivity of the deconfinement follows the suddenness of the sanitary confinement. No, deconfinement is not the mirror image of confinement.
So we will reflect today on deconfinement and its ethical implications, with the method that has become familiar to us of questioning the 3 most threatened ethical principles, depending on the case.
We start with a new table in which, at the bottom right, you can notice the same numbering of legends concerning ethical principles
We approach the gradual and therefore selective deconfinement, at 4 different levels: health, social, economic, and that of public services.
Sanitary deconfinement is grounded, firstly, on our individual responsibility and its link with the principles of autonomy and solidarity, in our relationship with local caregivers and whenever needed, with hospital personnel, in our use of public transport and perhaps even of digital technology, the requirements of which will be the subject of another chronicle.
The spread of the virus, different from one region to another, involves a new component: territoriality. For the matter, territoriality is not unrelated to transport, such as subway or high-speed rail lines, whose travelling speed and passenger volumes increase virus circulation. This could be a determining factor in the low prevalence of COVID-19 in a city like Toulouse almost deprived of high-speed rail lines compared to Paris and at a lesser degree compared to other southwestern cities such as Bordeaux or Montpellier connected by French TGV.
Health deconfinement adapts to the most vulnerable: children and their families by opening nurseries and schools, including canteens; the elders and their social and family bonds, especially in nursing homes; and the most vulnerable groups also confined in detention or removal centers.
Economic deconfinement is essential for health and social deconfinements. It above all concerns companies, employment and banks’ and insurance companies’ responsibility in the economic recovery. It includes a high-quality deconfinement of public services (health, justice, administrative services, public treasury).
While individual responsibility is a determining factor in the deconfinement and serene outcome of the Covid-19 pandemic, it is nevertheless based on citizens’ confidence in the governance of the measures taken during the health crisis. As you see on the right-hand column, crisis planning and its reasonable measures must be
- justified in a transparent way, in the absence of other alternatives
- proportionated to a legitimate objective and
- the least offensive on human rights and to its founding principles, foremost among them, the principles of primacy of the human person, non-discrimination, equality and equity, and respect for privacy.
Jacques Montagut s'investit pour faire connaître et reconnaître la médecine et la biologie de la reproduction ainsi que les questions éthiques soulevées par l’avancée de la connaissance dans ce domaine. Il a siégé dans différentes instances ministérielles et éthiques. Il décide aujourd’hui de favoriser la réflexion et le débat sur le site Internet de Fertile Vision.
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